Healthcare in Europe is given to the masses within Europe through various systems that are run by the various member countries of the European Union (EU). Such systems are normally funded by the public through the taxes they pay to their respective governments also referred to Universal Healthcare. However, there are those member states of the European Union that benefit from private funding. Such funding comes from insurance either personal or employer funded.
In Europe, all citizens of the EU are usually offered a European Health Insurance Card that provides for insurance that comes in handy for emergency treatment even in times when they are visiting other countries within Europe that participate in this exercise. However, it is very important to note that the European Union in no way has n administrative role that is major in the healthcare field. It is for this reason that the Directorate-General for Health and Consumer Protection seeks to ensure that national laws on foods safety and the safety of other products, consumer rights and protection of the health of the people within the European Union are aligned to new wide laws of the European Union in an effort to strengthen its markets internationally.
According to the World Health Organization’s rankings of the world’s healthcare systems in the year 2000, France was ranked to have the best system. This automatically means that France has the best system in Europe with Latvia being ranked as the country with the worst system in Europe as it comes in 105th. In the list, Italy comes in 2nd with San Marino coming in 3rd. The United Kingdom (UK) comes in 15th in the list of the top 45 countries in Europe in terms of health care provision. Azerbaijan, Georgia and Russia close the list of the top 45 European countries in terms of the systems that are in place.
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The universal bill or rights puts the right to health and access to medical aid as a basic human right. There are many players in the provision of health care services from the insurance companies to the hospices and local nursing homes.
These health care organizations are funded by private investors or by the government. This makes health care to be put in two distinct categories. Private and public healthcare. Public healthcare plans or government funded plans are often inexpensive. The private sector though famed for high prices also boasts higher quality and more personalized services.
How to choose
There has been extensive research to find out which kind of health care is best for any one individual. There art many factors that people need to put in mind before getting any plan. Insurance premiums and other issues should be evaluated to find the best plan for you and your family.
As with many people preparing for health care is often uncomfortable but should always be considered. The questions to answer before going for any type of healthcare are:
The cost. You should consider the money available and opt for what leaves you some extra cash. For those with a squeezed budget, public healthcare is a good option but you have to wait long queues and may get poor service.
Quality of medical care should be high with the patient’s safety being the number one priority. Doctors should be professional and properly trained to give the best service.
Ask enough questions when choosing premiums to find out about any hidden costs. When making an insurance decision, go for the best rates spread over a long time. The monthly expenses should determine premiums.
Choose the health care that offers you the most quality service at the best costs. Thorough consultation and searching greatly helps to find the more flexible supplier. The best healthcare us one that you can easily pay for.
In countries with a universal healthcare system that provides access to medical professionals for all residents of a country the question of which form of healthcare is better often rises. In the U.K. private healthcare services are provided by only a small percentage of the medical industry, compared to all residents in a country like the U.S. required to purchase or gain employer sponsored health insurance.
Every resident of the U.K. is allowed access to the National Health Service, which is largely paid for by taxation. The bonus of the NHS system is the fact that apart from the money paid in taxation all services are free at the point of service, with prescriptions heavily subsidised by government funding. This is unlike the private healthcare sector that requires payment for services throughout the process; often the healthcare provider works in both the public sector and crosses over to a private practice.
Although some private healthcare insirance companies do provide their own hospitals and clinics the majority of private practices are operated out of NHS institutions. The main difference in the type of healthcare provided is that in private practice patients are often seen and treated faster than in a universal healthcare system; patients who are willing to pay for treatments and services bypass lengthy waiting lists for medical treatment.
A public system does have its advantages over a private healthcare system; for example a government funded system is often more concerned with preventing medical problems than simply treating an illness when it occurs. In the U.K. the Department of Health is responsible for promoting preventative healthcare that reduces the burden on over-stretched public healthcare systems. In a completely private system there is little reward for a government taking an active interest in the health of its society; in many cases, such as the U.S. government interference in the health of the nation is frowned upon amid accussations of the government interfering in the market forces driving the healthcare industry.
The National Health Service provides healthcare for all British residents that is free of charges at the point of service; the NHS was established in 1948 and expanded an earlier system of free healthcare for all British taxpayers. Prior to the establishment of the NHS seeking the help of a medical professional required payment to be made at the time of service or a charitable hospital had to be found that would treat a patient for free or reduced rates.
Following the Second World War the much of the population of the U.K. had been injured or maimed during battle or bombing raids on Britain’s towns and cities. In response to the need for medical care an existing system of free access to medical professionals for taxpayers instigated by Lloyd George was expanded to every British citizen. To pay for the healthcare provided through government subsidies laws were passed that allowed the NHS to be funded by taxpayer contributions and charitable donations to individual hospitals and clinics.
In the U.K., people have the choice of free NHS care that takes place in doctors surgeries and hospitals and paying for their own helthcare costs to a medical professional when they receive a service. By choosing to pay for private medical attention people ensure they bypass what are often long waiting lists to see specialists and receive care. Some private medical insurance companies have constructed their own hospitals and clinics for providing healthcare that are often more modern than their NHS counterparts.
The NHS model of free medical care for all has been copied by many countries around the world and remains the standard against which other cuontries healthcare options are weighed. By operating a free at the point of service medical system residents of the U.K. avoid the problems faced by those receiving expensive medical care in other countries. For example, in the U.S. many people declare bankruptcy because of unpaid medical bills.